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Information and communication technologies (ICT) in schools
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Information and Communication Technology (ICT) - is, in general, methods and technical devices of information technology-based networks and devices to beam information.
Use of ICT in the classroom - one of the main directions of informatization process dictated by needs of modern society, in which the main driver of progress is the development of individual personality.

 

The main goal of all innovation in education is to facilitate the transition of students mastering the mechanical knowledge to development of skills to acquire knowledge independently. Success in solving this problem largely depends on the purpose of computer use in the classroom, the quality and capabilities of software and the one that will occupy a place in the computer system of teaching tools.
The introduction of ICT in schools - it's not a fad, but a necessity today, as most children learn with computers much earlier than they can offer the school. For anybody not new need for widespread use of e-learning in the study of any subject.
Because modern teacher must be able to work with new teaching aids at least in order to ensure that one of the main student rights - the right to quality education.
teachers in their quest to interest, to focus students' attention on the study of its subject to the lesson was interesting to students, it is necessary to develop new methods of presentation. One way while learning tool is ICT.
Brain child, is set to acquire knowledge in the form of entertaining games so much easier to accept the lesson offered information using multimedia.
Has long been proven that different students differently assimilate new knowledge. Previously, it was difficult for teachers to find an individual approach to each student.
Now, using computer and online facilities, schools were able to teach every student in a short period of time to understand, transform and apply in practice the large amounts of information. It is important to organize the learning process so that the child is active, with interest and enthusiasm for working class, saw the fruits of their labor, and could assess them.
Assist teachers in dealing with this complex task can be a combination of traditional teaching methods and modern information technology, including the computer. Because computer use in the classroom allows make learning mobile, strictly differentiated and individual.
Using ICT fundamentally changes the nature of educational activities. The introduction of ICT in the learning process empowers teachers, it provides those tools that allow you to solve various problems.
The use of ICT not only modernizes, but also provides a new quality of teaching and learning, improves conditions of the educational process and increases its efficiency, and provides the main social function of the school - "training the person to full life in modern society».
More YAKomenskiy work in "The Great Didactic" wrote: "... all that is possible to give flair for perception, namely visible - for perception vision, audible - hearing, smell - smell, affordable touch - through touch. If any object can accept multiple senses, that they perceived several senses at once ... "

Multimedia technology is one of the effective methods of cognitive activity of students that make it possible to make the lesson more interesting visual aids to improve the level of educational material and increase student achievement.
Today, with the advent of new technologies have expanded information space where the vast most students a good command of computer, it is possible to interest our children educated in school. Undoubtedly, students interested and motivated to remove when when they themselves are active participants in this process.
One way to motivate is to attract students to prepare multimedia presentations, a task activates an independent study them different information sources, enhances learning motivation, interest in the study of the subject, creates an atmosphere of creativity.
great opportunity to motivate children provides such educational technology as a method of projects. This is certainly not a new concept in the educational field. Just the development of infrared technology, this pedagogical idea refreshed. Design techniques make it possible to form a variety of student competence, in particular be able to obtain information critical to select its own and solve the problem. Thus, the educational project - the organizational form of work that focuses on the study of completed training topics and combines teaching and learning, research, creative or even gaming activities pupils partners who have a common goal.
Innovative technology allows to combine theory with practice, text and visuals, graphical tools, video, voice and music, to create a representation of the real environment, communication. They provide active (verbal and nonverbal) activity during schooling, flexibility and variation training exercise and controls actualize cognitive activity and develop critical and creative thinking, empower obtaining, understanding and presentation of information make it possible to simulate situations in general homework attractive, more fun for children.
Use of ICT in the classroom has the advantages of their use in the educational process as a whole and for each individual class, causing changes in organizational points, namely:
• is time saving as a lesson and prepare for it ,
• there is convenience in its conduct;
• volume and technological capabilities allow you to build any type of lessons and more fully use different types of learning activities of students (including and independent).
Maybe someone denies that it is impossible to build a lesson to a computer. But it is not the question. Of course, living, emotional word teacher never replace the car, even the smartest. And the whole lesson is impractical to build on the work computer. The computer is just a tool along with the textbook and board.
The most effective forms of presentation of the material in the classroom include multimedia presentations. This form allows you to apply the course material as a system of reference images of bright, filled with comprehensive structured information in the algorithmic procedure. In this case, utilized various channels of perception, allowing you to lay the information is not only factual, but also in the form of associative memory in students. The presentation of educational material in the form of a multimedia presentation reduces learning time allows to deepen the content of the lesson, its performance and arouse interest in the material being studied.
Preparing a presentation, you must adhere to the requirements of:
• Each slide should reflect a view ;
• text should consist of short words and simple sentences;
• string containing 6-8 words only slide - 6-8 lines;
• the total number of words on a slide should not exceed 56;
• headings are to attract the audience's attention and summarize the main provisions of the slide;
• slides should not present too bright - extra decorations create a barrier to effective communication;
• all slides presentation withstand in one style, one color scheme;
• number of blocks of information when displaying static data on a single slide should not exceed four;
• captions to illustrations are placed under them, not against them;
• the slide is recommended to use no more than 3-4 different fonts;
• the maximum number of slides - 12.
also one of the elements that makes it possible to quickly and objectively assess each child are computer tests that can show what you should pay attention or evaluate fruit its activities.
computer can be used at all stages of the learning process: the explanation of new material, consolidation, repetition, control level of academic performance. I use ICT as the study of new material, and in consolidation, generalization and systematization studied.
Thus, the use of ICT in the classroom allows teachers:
• Lessons to fill new content;
• develop creative perception of the world, the curiosity of students;
• form elements of information culture;
• inculcate rational skills working with computer programs;
• maintain independence in the development of computer technology;
• keep up with the times.
ICT - one way to increase cognitive activity and addressing underachievement among pupils. Therefore, with the use of multimedia technology I decided a number of key objectives:
• improving learning motivation of students;
• activation of cognitive activity;
development of creative thinking;
• develop independent critical thinking;
• developing abilities to work with various sources of information;
• the possibility of combining visual and aural forms of perception of educational material;
• expansion number of students perception of information;
• application of knowledge to new situations;
• effective training lessons and skills;
• automated control of the learning outcomes.

I think that the main objective of using ICT in teaching - to improve cognitive interest in the study of the subject, its effectiveness as students master the key to the development of the individual student's future.

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PROGRES.IN.UA Development Community development Information and communication technologies (ICT) in schools